The extensive applications of biotechnology in the natural environment management, in particular with the creation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), cover an increasing part of agricultural production internationally and connect bioethics with ecological concerns.
The main legislative texts in this field are the UN Convention on Biodiversity, which was incorporated into national legislation by law 2204 / 1994, and its Protocol on Biosafety , which has been incorporated to EU and national legislation by Regulation 1946/2003 dealing with the transboundary movement of GMOs.
At an EU level interest are : the directive 2001/18 on the deliberate release of genetically modified organisms, which has been integrated into our national law by the Ministerial Decision 38639/2017 of 2005 ,and the accompanying Regulation 1829/2003 on genetically modified food and feed and Regulation 1830/2003 on traceability and labeling of these products. Also interesting is the Ministerial Decision US / 11648/1943 of 2002, which incorporates into our national law Directive 98/81 on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms.
Finally, full of interest is the EU Directive 2004/35 regulating environmental liability with regard to the prevention and remedying of environmental damage which must be incorporated to Member States' legislation by April 30, 2007.